Electrohydraulic auxiliary spool valves - GPA30 rear axle


The Bosch/Rexroth SB23 LS spool valves controlling supply to the hydraulic couplers are comprised of:
• an hydraulic part;
• an electric hydraulic part comprising:
- an ON/OFF solenoid valve and a 3-way pressure relief valve located on the end plate of the distribution
block,
- a pilot valve fitted in the electric hydraulic unit.


This section shall concern itself with the hydraulic part only.
The Bosch/Rexroth SB23 LS electric hydraulic control spool valves are supplied by high flow rate, high pressure oil from the priority blocks. When no functions are being activated, the entire flow rate is directed towards the spool valves. When certain functions are being supplied, the excess flow then remains available to the auxiliary spool valves. The adjustment of the flow rate, expressed as a percentage, may be displayed on the onboard computer (Datatronic) by the operator. Joystick-controlled (1) electrohydraulic spool valves are fitted with a floating Kick-out position (automatic return to neutral). The main spool of the spool valve directs oil towards the outlet ports A or B. Each outlet port is linked to the LS pilot line of the variable displacement pump regulating valve via the priority block(s). The spool valves consist of both electronic and hydraulic components, the latter containing spools and valves. Some elements cannot be repaired as spare parts.

Different types of spool valve block components

A spool valve block can consist of three, four or five of the following components. It can combine components of similar type of or different types.

Component a
Electrohydraulic unit (Joystick)
Component b
Electrohydraulic component (Dual Control)
Component c
Mechanically controlled component.

Couplers 


The quick-disconnect couplings are held by a bracket on the centre housing. They are sealed by covers of different colours (red, green, black or yellow) corresponding respectively to hydraulic ports A and B of auxiliary spool valves. When the auxiliary spool valve is at rest, a lever system (1) allows existing pressure to be relieved into the hydraulic hoses (2). These hoses link the spool valves with the concerned couplers (3). By acting on this system, the clean oil under pressure is directed to the return via a hose and pipe assembly (4) connected to the upper part of the intermediate housing. This drop in pressure facilitates the connecting of the male coupler to the female coupler. The contaminated oil, coming from the separation of the couplers, flows into flexible and transparent tanks (5) located on either side of the third-point linkage.

Pressure relief valve and electrohydraulic unit operation


When the ON/OFF solenoid valve (18) located on end plate (6) is open, the flow from the pump is directed to the 3-way pressure relief valve (3)

The 3-way pressure relief valve supplies the pilot valve (5) with a pressure of 21 - 24 bar via a pressure balancing valve. 

The pilot valve receives a signal from the digital device (6) and moves the main spool (1) of the auxiliary electric hydraulic spool valve according to the information received from the Joystick. 

The digital device is informed of the position of the main spool by a displacement sensor (7)

The pilot valve and the digital device are housed in the unit (2) fixed below the spool valve. 

The pilot valve (5) is protected from possible oil contamination by a set of FP filters (25 microns)

Electronic unit (2) channels P and R are connected to channels P1 and R1 of the auxiliary electrohydraulic spool valve.


Parts list 
(1) Main electric hydraulic valve spool (2) Electrohydraulic unit (3) Return spring (4) Piston (5) Pilot valve
(6) Digital electronic system (7) Displacement sensor

Legend
FP Set of filters (25 microns)
P Pressure
R Return

Operation of the auxiliary electrohydraulic spool valve



When spool (1) is moved electro-hydraulically upwards by the pilot valve (5), oil penetrates via channel P and travels to the flow regulation control spool restrictor (5) and the grooves of the main spool (1). The oil is then carried towards a main channel and lifts the ball of valve (2) to enter a chamber. Displacement of the spool (1) simultaneously opens the one-way valve (3). The oil flows from the chamber towards port B and returns to the housing through port A via the hydraulic slave device. The operating principle is identical when the spool (1) is electro-hydraulically moved down by the pilot valve (5). The oil flows from the chamber towards port A and returns to the housing through port B via the hydraulic slave device. The electrohydraulic spool valves can be manually controlled using a lever screwed onto the reversing lever (2).


Identification of port


on the manifold (21) 
P High pressure supply from the variable displacement pump via the priority block(s) (depending on version).
R Auxiliary spool valve return
r Return (provision for)
LS Signal to the variable displacement pump regulator via the priority block(s) (depending on version).


on the auxiliary spool valves 
A Outlet to couplers
B Outlet to couplers
P, R and LS


Markings identical to those of manifold (21)


 Diagram

Parts list 
(1) Lift control spool valve
(7) or [(7) and (7A)]
Priority block(s)
(21) Oil manifold

Legend
A,B Outlets to couplers
P Pressure
P2 Pressure connector (provision for)
R Return
LS Signal